Sustainable closed-loop supply chain network: Mathematical modeling and Lagrangian relaxation

Behrooz Khorshidvand; Hamed Soleimani; Mir Mehdi Seyyed Esfahani; Soheil Sibdari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , July 2021, , Pages 240-260

http://dx.doi.org/10.22116/jiems.2020.215206.1330

Abstract
  This paper addresses a novel two-stage model for a Sustainable Closed-Loop Supply Chain (SCLSC). This model, as a contribution, provides a balance among economic aims, environmental concerns, and social responsibilities based on price, green quality, and advertising level. Therefore, in the first stage, ...  Read More