Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Management and Economics, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Industrial Management West Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Management and Accounting, Qazvin branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.



In recent decades, researchers are turning to the potential of ABMs to study complex phenomena. Due to intrinsic interconnections, structural interactions and inter-dependencies, individual variations, and communications of various components, supply chain network should be accordingly treated as a complex adaptive system. ABM is dominant tool exploring the emergent behavior of supply chain network with numerous interactive agents. This paper aims to conduct a systematic literature review on the agent-based modeling in the concepts of supply chain and various fields of research. Using reputable databases, combining intended keywords and applying filters based on restrictions and indicators, a total of 123 relevant articles are selected from the valid journals and conferences in year 2010-2019, and 17 subjects in association with supply chain management and 23 subjects related to other fields are presented. Moreover, a brief history and the definition of the three basic areas including complex systems, complex adaptive system and agent-based modeling are provided. The main objective is to provide a perspective based on agent-based modeling and complex adaptive systems for researchers in different sciences and especially supply chain researchers, who are not sufficiently familiar with the philosophy and applications of these approaches.